By teaching how the nation was to be punished for idolatry before being redeemed out of exile, the prophet would be warning the nation to change so that judgment would be forestalled as in the book of. Note also the satirical scorn of idolatry found in all sections of the book see isa. When we read the final words in the book of judges, in those days there was no king in israel. This was a time of decay, open idolatry, hostilities by syria and israel, and a proassyria foreign policy. Isaiah 44 one of the clearest places to see gods two. It is uncertain how far the rebellion spread, but sargon ii quickly. Isaiah is quoted directly in the new testament over 65 times, far more than any other old testament prophet, and mentioned by name over 20 times.
Overviews of the prophecy of isaiah the book of isaiah. The overview of the book of isaiah the purpose of isaiah. The book of isaiah introduction to the book of isaiah in the bible. In fact, the pride in self, reflected in the delusion that we humans possess the power to create a perfect world, is what the book of isaiah, in all its parts, identifies as the source and fount of idolatry.
Overview of the book of isaiah third millennium ministries. Idolatry is foolishness those who make an image, all of them are useless, and their precious things shall not profit. Mar 19, 2018 millards indicator lies in how sargons name is spelled in the book of isaiah. For a brief treatment of the book, i recommend wayne jacksons book, isaiah. During this interval, isaiah may have withdrawn from public view, and. The first part proto isaiah prophesies death and destruction, but keeps lightening it up with cheery prophecies of a good and holy kingdom at the end of time. So what idolatry looks like today is the activity of the human heart. He was entirely dedicated to this cause even in the midst of rejection isaiah 6. The first part protoisaiah prophesies death and destruction, but keeps lightening it up with cheery prophecies of a good and holy kingdom at the end of time. The historians declare that both uzziah and jotham maintained the worship of jehovah and disallowed idolatry 2 kings 15.
The heart of the biblical understanding of idolatry, argues gregory beale, is that we take on the characteristics of what we worship. The book of isaiah the one true god versus idols 40 48 objectives in studying this section 1 to see how god used isaiah to comfort to a generation of israel long after his own death 2 to consider the challenge made to the nations of men and their idols proves the existence and identity of the one true god 3 to note the prophetic. And the author, isaiah, who is called the prince of prophets, shines above all the other writers and prophets of scripture. Isaiah is the first book containing the writings of the prophets of the bible. In much of the book that now bears the name of isaiah, the reigning power was babylon, which did not rise to power until after 625 b. R menachem hameiri and the maimonidean halakhists in provence. The book of isaiah the one true god versus idols 4048. Employing isaiah 6 as his interpretive lens, beale demonstrates that this understanding of idolatry permeates the whole canon, from genesis to revelation. The isaiah institute was created in the year 2000 by the hebraeus foundation to disseminate the message of the prophet isaiah circa 742701 b. Learn more from our list of bible verses about idolatry below. Beginning in the hebrew bible the hardened heart finds rescue in the new covenant promises that isaiah, jeremiah, ezekiel, and hosea prophesy. In isaiah, gods word calls for a humble response of awe, humble trust, and reverent submission to the lord and his kingdom. Many of his prophesies predicted events that occurred in isaiahs near future, yet at the same time they foretold the events of the distant future. Isaiahs calling as a prophet was primarily to the nation of judah the southern kingdom and to jerusalem, urging the people to repent from their sins and return to god.
While in this section we focus on the folly of idolatry, the passage is part. Consider the historical background of the book of isaiah in order to better understand its author and message. They neither see nor know, that they may be ashamed. A concise commentary on the book of isaiah eugene kimble, ph.
Isaiahs historical chronological background with timeline. Isaiahs primary focus was the coming judgment on the southern kingdom of judah due to its idolatry, apostasy and wickedness. Who would form a god or mold an image that profits him nothing. The northern kingdom of israel had been carried into captivity 722 b. Use features like bookmarks, note taking and highlighting while reading apocalyptic commentary of the book of isaiah. The name isaiah means the salvation of the lord or the lord is salvation. This would place the date of isaiahs work approximately 739690 b. The acu commentary and the unity of the book of isaiah. The impact on the seventh century audience following the early date and one isaiah would be even greater, for they clearly were into idolatry. The forms of idolatry are, fetishism, or the worship of trees, rivers, hills, stones, etc. The book of isaiah from the holy bible new international version niv book 23 please note we have increased the volume and the pitch of. The book of isaiah 3 the book of isaiah the man, the times, and the book isaiah is often referred to as the messianic prophet, because of his many prophecies that were fulfilled in jesus. Isaiah 44 one of the clearest places to see gods twopronged attack on our idolatry.
The following website postings, many of which encapsulate subjects already discussed, reiterate how isaiahs prophetic message relates to the geopolitical configuration of our present world and how becoming familiar with it prepares us to participate in the events isaiah predicts. The hardening of the heart is quite simply gods disciplinary punishment for the specific sin of idolatry. The book of isaiah is the first of the writings of the prophets in the bible. The word prophet in the hebrew means a mouthpiece, and isaiah was truly the mouthpiece of god.
He previously served as a minister for young adults at grace church of dupage and taught religious studies at college of dupage. The new testament quotes and applies more scriptures from the book. The book of isaiah, comprising 66 chapters, is one of the most profound theological and literarily expressive works in the bible. The book is a collection of oracles, prophecies, and reports. The book derives its title from the author, whose name means yahweh is salvation, and is similar to the names joshua, elisha, and jesus. I dwell in the high and holy place, with him also that is of a contrite and humble spirit, to revive the spirit of the humble, and to revive the heart of the contrite ones. In isaiahs time the great military power that threatened the palestinian states was assyria. These three different historical settings, rather than being grounds for multiple authors of the. The book of isaiah introduction to the entire prophecy 1. The reoccurring taunt against idolatry appears across isaiah s expectation of a new exodus isa. Among the many liberal positions advocated, this volume argues for the multiple authorship of the book of isaiah. The book of isaiah is not written in strict chronological order, as is evident from the fact that the prophets initial call to his ministry is not presented until chapter 6. It covers a wide variety of issues, relating to its original audience and those who would be living when the messiah finally arrived. The man, isaiah, was a prophet and preacher at the time he wrote this book.
The book of isaiah addresses the problem of sin, showing the need for salvation. Only because of the lords mercy and his promise to israel, god will not allow israel or judah to be completely destroyed. In the beginning of his ministry he was well liked. The authors of the book of isaiah in its present form were addressing a small jewish community in and near. A number of passages identify various portions of the book of isaiah as coming from the prophet e. Israels tendency to idolatry has been touched on in the earlier prophecies once or twice isaiah 2. Practically speaking, the bible says we should put living in a righteous manner above all other pursuits of the flesh and mind. Although it was written more than 2700 years ago, the lessons that isaiah communicates appear to be timeless. He is the author of the books idolatry coauthored with avishai margalit, and people of the book. He was probably reared in an aristocratic home and was married to a prophetess. Isaiah 57, king james version, american edition kjva the.
As his ministry developed he warned the people about various problems. But he does not sit impotently wringing his hands he attacks our idolatry by exposing the emptiness of our idols and by. The opening chapter may be addressing the situation judah faced at the time of the assyrian invasion in the days of king hezekiah. Isaiah was a contemporary of sargon ii, who ruled from 722 to 705 b. Ds groundbreaking research and analysis of the book of isaiah provides the ideal medium for. Israels unfaithfulness to her faithful god in the areas of worship, idolatry, and covenant obedience is central in isaiah, and this theme is explored reflectively for selfexamination of our own obedience in these areas. This course explores the main themes presented in the book of the prophet isaiah. Many scholars today challenge the claim that isaiah wrote the entire book that bears his name. Canon, meaning, and authority, both published by harvard university press.
Compiled over a period of about two centuries the latter half of the 8th to the latter half of the 6th century bce, the book of isaiah is generally divided by scholars into two sometimes three major sections. Determining the message and function of this rich segment of the book of isaiah attracts many competing approaches. Summary of the book of isaiah the story of the bible. The bulk of the book of isaiah consists of the prophet isaiah giving voice to gods assessment of israels failure to live up to the covenant between god and israel. Although it was written more than 2700 years ago, the lessons. Apocalyptic commentary of the book of isaiah kindle edition by gileadi, avraham. In isaiah s time the great military power that threatened the palestinian states was assyria. Isaiah is the first of the major old testament writing prophets those whose prophecies are written in books titled with the name of the prophet. Sure, god might attack and annihilate people for wearing. The book of isaiah the prophet is one of the longest in the bible, at 66 books. The first chapter serves as an introduction to the entire prophecy, especially the first section of the book prophecies concerning judah and jerusalem, chs. More than a century beforehand, isaiah foresaw that judah would join israel in exile. Drew hunter ma, wheaton college is the teaching pastor at zionsville fellowship in zionsville, indiana. Idols are made by human hands, so they cannot save.
Isaiah offers unflattering observations about the artisan who makes. Idolatry, in this sense, means abandoning the way of god for another aim. Isaiah was prophet during the reign of 5 kings, most of whom were evil. The people who worship idols dont know this, so they. There is also an outline of the book which will be followed in the class meeting in discussing the book. Best commentaries and books on isaiah logos bible software. One of several layered holistic literary structures of the book of isaiahthis one based on egyptian narrative patternsdivides the book into trouble at home isaiah 9, exile abroad isaiah 4054, and happy homecoming isaiah 5566. The theology of the book of isaiah studies the prophecies, messages, and theology of each section of the complex book, then unfurls its unifying themesfrom zion to david to the holy one of israel. There was, according to these writings, no hope in anything that was made by people. He has also authored two books, interpretative revolutions in the making, and between torah and wisdom.
The reoccurring taunt against idolatry appears across isaiahs expectation of a new exodus isa. Millards indicator lies in how sargons name is spelled in the book of isaiah. He also foretold the coming of the messiah and the salvation of the lord. Isaiahs name means, the lord is salvation, and in chapter 12, verse 10 isaiah says of himself, behold, god is my salvation.
The student may want to have the aid of a commentary when preparing for class. You can break isaiah down into roughly three parts. Judah became associated with a revolt led by the philistine city of ashdod in the years 7711 b. And men of faithfulness are gathered, while there is no one who understands, for the righteous is gathered from the presence of wickedness.
Isaiah overview albert barnes notes on the whole bible. Isaiah, in my opinion, is the most spiritual of the old testament books. Finally, he examines curiosity, traditionally considered a vice, and how it turns believers toward idols unless it. God made us for himself and all idolatry is a spurning of his love. Idolatry is adultery the righteous one perishes, and there is no one who takes it to heart. Gods prophet of doom and deliverance quality publications. In the isaianic concept, making graven images and bowing down to them as gods is a form of selfdeification through which man worships the. The book of isaiah contains the prophecies of isaiah who was the son of amoz isaiah 1. Ds groundbreaking research and analysis of the book of isaiah provides the ideal medium for publishing isaiahs endtime message to the world. An interval perhaps of some 10 or 15 years may be supposed to have elapsed between his last public labors in the time of hezekiah, and the prophecies which compose the remainder of the book. During this interval, isaiah may have withdrawn from public view, and fixed his mind upon the great events of future times. The centerpiece is isaiahs unrivaled chapter 53, portraying christ as the slain lamb of god.
He looks to 1 john to find the love that casts out the fear and insecurity that the books of kings, isaiah, and luke name as the forerunners of idolatry. Download it once and read it on your kindle device, pc, phones or tablets. Jun 11, 2014 isaiah is a treasure because it helps us treasure christ. Each man did what was right in his own eyes this means that the people were sinful and rebellious. June 27, 2014 james is an intensely practical book, filled with exhortations to christians about the way they should live their lives now that they have been given new life in jesus. Isaiah 57, king james version, american edition kjva. It was probably expected that egypt would join in this alliance against assyria. While the immediate context of isaiah relates to the dangers posed by assyria and babylon as well as the dramatic shifts between exile and return, this prophetic book was always understood to have ongoing relevance. The strongest argument for the unity of isaiah is the expression the holy one of israel, a title for god that occurs 12 times in chs. Another key theme is the supremacy of god not only over israel, but also over every other. Like a program guide to handels messiah, goldingay helps us see, hear, and understand the grandeur of this prophetic masterpiece among the prophets. Scripture strongly advises against the following of idols other than god. Apocalyptic commentary of the book of isaiah kindle edition. But you, come near here, you children of a soothsayer, offspring of an.154 1553 1189 623 1582 325 584 1273 548 1547 1525 1327 475 993 658 1450 1184 1495 17 347 837 770 107 126 567 1591 664 347 684 435 1544 142 1584 1203 1501 231 170 564 279 536 1057 1205 801